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TS2000e NOTES

Confguring the TS2000e Internal TNC for Packet Radio on VHF UHF

Paul G4APL having used a Kenwood THD7e Internal TNC on Packet Radio 2metre and 70cm bands for many years.

In the hope of encouraging more Packet Radio activity locally in the London and Home Counties. The following has been
prepared to assist you. Hopefully your are in range or a Readio Network node. GB7CIP is located in Locator Square IO91WH.

It was time to detail how to configure a Kenwood TS2000e internal TNC.
To be able to connect to Amateur Packet Radio node access points on the 2 Metre and 70cm Amateur Radio bands.

Like the Kenwood THD7e Built in TNC, this has a limited parameter range and buffer size. All to be taken into consideration.

The 2 Metre and 70cm node access points in the Caterham On The Hill Surrey area support AX25 (Amateur X25) and TCPIP routing
GB7CP CATHAM 1200baud 144.8875MHz Vertical co-linear
GB7CIP-9 GB7CR-9 9600baud 432.625MHz Horizontal Beam SSW
GB7CIP-7 GB7CR-7 1200baud 432.675MHz Horizontal Beam 295 degrees (temp link)
GB7CIP-8 GB7CR-8 1200baud 433.625MHz Vertical Beam,  North 0 degrees    
GB7CR-11 9600baud 439.825MHZ Horizontal Beam 330 degrees

Packet Radio Program
You will require a Packet Terminal program that sends and receives data from the Internal TNC (Terminal Network Controller)

Paul G4APL Prefers a PaKet6.2.zip program written by Tony VK2DHU to run under MSDOS and has been run under Windows 3.1, 3.11, Win98, Win2000 and WinXP.

PaKet6.2  Has Help via the F1 Key and comes with a 200 page manual access via he F1 ATL/F1 help keys

Of course you will need a PC or Laptop Suitable RS232 Serial 9pin (D9) female cable TS2000 end, the other end 9pin Female connects to the PC.

If the PC does not have a serial Interface, a USB to Serial cable adaptor is required. Both are used at G4APL.

Listen around the 2metre and 70cm Packet Radio frequencies until you hear some tones (1200baud) Bursts of white noise opening the squelch (9600Baud).  Set your Squelch level so that is it just set and opens on the weakest radio signal.
Note:  If trying to connect to GB7CIP, contact Paul G4APL so that signal path test can be carried out using FM Voice.

In the example below we will configure the TS2000 to access a and 70cm Node Access Point using 9600baud radio link, and the SUB Band Radio. Remember to set your Squelch level, so that the weakest received signal open the Squelch. Note: if the squelch is open the transmitter will not transmit, as it thinks the frequency is Busy.

Connect serial cable to the TS2000 and Laptop Serial Com port 1,2,3 or 4 support

Download and Unzip the Paket6.2 zip file. Look for the readme file. Install as a TNC2 configuration Serial port speed we will use 9600baud 8 N 1 (8 bits, No Parity, 1 Stop bit) just happens to be the default settings used by the TS2000e

Configuring the TS2000 Internal TNC.
 
Using the Menu

Select Menu 46 Select Built in TNC assigned to SUB Band

Select Menu 47 (Built In TNC) Select 9600bd (1200bd default) Select Menu 48 Select = TNC BAND

Select Menu 55 (Packet Operation) Select ON. PKT appears in the top right hand corner of the display SUB Receiver)

Make sure the SUB Band receiver squelch is set just so that there is no receiver noise.

Now start up PaKet6.2 Packet Software Select ALT/Z and select Serial port configuration

Set them to display the following
Serial port COM1,2,3 or 4 (check which port you are using possible 2 if you have a mouse in com1)
Speed 9600bd (speed between the PC and TS2000
Stop Bit 1 Parity N(one)
Flow Control Hardware

Reconfiguring the COM Port when using a USB/Serial Adaptor

If you do not have COM1,2,3 or 4 showing up on your modern PC, Laptop. If using Windows
you will need to go in to Hardware Manager.

With your USB/Serial adaptor connected
Select My Computer/Properties/Hardware

Device Manager
Universal Serial Bus Controllers
Select you USB/Serial device
Select Properties
and change the comport
to 1,2,3 or 4 which ever is listed as free.
Apply Changes, Save

Leave the PaKet6.2 menu
the program with RESTART the TNC

Now we need to configure the Internal TNC using PaKet6.2
Enter CTRL/C (press the Control + C) to enter command mode (K to enter Converse mode)
Enter the following commands
DISP will list all the commands there should be no corruption in the display

MYCALL Enter you callsign

MO ON Monitor ON

MCOM ON allows you to see all Packet data on the screen - Some should be in clear test

PACLEN 128 Very important as the TNC buffer is not large

FRACK 6 Set to 6 seconds (to get started)

FLOW ON Hardware flow control ON

ECHO OFF PaKet6.2 is a spilt screen terminal program

MAXFRAME 1 Very important as the TNC buffer is not large

Now hopefully you will be seeing packet data on the screen from the local Node Access Point
If in the London and Surrey Area you may be able to see and connect to GB7CIP-7 GB7CIP-9 GB7CR-11 GB7CP depending on frequency and speed selected.

Enter CRTL + C to enter command mode

e.g. C GB7CIP-9 and you should see connected

Configuring Kenwood TS2000e Packet Cluster Tune to automatically received DX Cluster Spots
and Tune the transceiver to the DX frequency.

The GB7CIP system can be configured to re Broadcast DX Clusters spots on 432.675MHz 1200bd
or 439.825MHz 9600bd that can be read by the following Kenwood transceivers. Contact Paul G4APL SysOP if not running)

TS2000 THD7e THD72e TD7000 and other systems, programs that monitor.

How to configure the TS2000e for DX Cluster Receiver using the built in Packet TNC (Terminal Node Controller)
Switch on Sub Band Receiver (if not already enabled)
Press SUB, orange LED on
Press CTRL so that the CTRL is displayed in the Top Left
Sub Receiver use +/- to select required Band 2m/70cm 
e.g. 432.675MHZ or 439.825MHz  for DX cluster spots relayed via GB7CIP.  
Contact Paul G4APL SysOP if it is not running for your use.

Select MENU
55   Packet Operation +/- select ON               PKT will appear in top left
46  Select SUB =/- Select SUB Built In TNC.  TNC will appear in top left
47  Select 1200bd using =/-  1200bd or 9600bd (Radio transmission baud rate)
48  Select TNC BAND DCD Sense  using +/-
49 PUSH SUB PCT  Press SUB
   49A Select +/- AUTO Packet Cluster Tune)
   49B Select OFF=Beep, Morse, Voice. Packet Cluster Confirmation
Press MENU to return control back to transceiver
Press FUNCT then SET PCT

If you are receiving DX Cluster Spots on the receive frequency. You should see the DX Spot frequency and DX stations details appear. Which the TS2000 switching to the DX station's frequency.


Configure Paket62 16 Bit DOS Program to run under
Windows 7 Professional XP Mode Virtual PC using a USB/Serial Adapter
to control a Kenwood TS2000e Built-in Terminal Node Controller to run packet radio.


In these notes, It has been is assumed that the reader has already installed the
Windows 7 Professional, Virtual Pc and XP Mode Software operating system Software.

G4APL had the challenge to configure the Serial Port under XP Mode.
once you know how to do it. It is easy, though it took many hours to solve.
Hence writing these notes up.

1) connect to USB/Serial adaptor to the TS2000e COM port then the PC/Laptop.
G4APL's are connected to a sever port USB hub, that has two
USB/Serial Interfaces, USB Sound card dongle.

If you have more than one USB/Serial port, ensure you know with one is connected to the TS2000e.

2) Under Windows 7 Professional go to Device Manager
    Select Windows Key/Pause
    --> Select Device Manager
         Ports Com
in G4APL's case you will see something like
prolific USB to Serial Com Port (COM10)

     Select the required USB/Serial adaptor/Right Click/Properties
     Change the port settings to read 9600,8,N,1
     Flow control None

Under the Advance Settings
Select a free COM port e.g. COM10

Select <OK> to close this window


3) Now Start up the Windows Virtual Machine
    All Programs/ Windows Virtual PC

    Select highlight Windows XP Mode
    Select Settings at the top of the screen
    Left hand panel select COM2
    Right Hand Panel Select COM10 (using the example above
    Select <OK> to close this screen.

Now load up Windows XP mode then install the Paket62 software, if you have not already done this.


Installing Paket62 Packet Radio software to control the TS2000e Inbuilt TNC.

Log in to the XP Mode Windows Virtual PC

One you have installed the software in to C:\PaKet directory.
you will need to create a short cut on the Desktop

General PaKet62
Program Paket62
cmd C:\PaKet\PaKet.EXT
Work Dir C:\PaKet
Untick Close on exit (while you are testing to see the errors)

Change Icon C:\Paket\Paket.ico

Compatibility Run Program Compatibility Mode Win98/Me
Select 256 Colours
Disable Visual Themes

Select the Misc Tab
Untick Allow Screen Saver
Background Untick Always Suspend

Double Click the shortcut that you have just created
Peket program will load and error not able to find the COM port.
Select Ignore I

Press ALT/Z to enter configuration mode

Select and change the Serial Port settings <Enter>
to read COM Port 2
Baud Rate 9600
Parity None
Data Bits 8
Stop Bits 1
Handshaking S (Software)
DCD on when Connected N
TNC cmd: exit Ctrl-C
Cmd to Initialise TNC Reset

then press <ESC>
<ALT/X> to close the program

Select the PaKet shortcut again
hopefully the program will start up and you should see
serial communication with the TS2000e TNC.


How to Configure PaKet62 to run under Ubuntu DosBox

The next challenge G4APL was given
Was to run a 16bit DOS program PaKet62 under Ubuntu
to drive a USB/Serial communication adaptor connected
the a Kenwood TS2000e. (or any TNC)

1)    It is assumed the reader has installed Ubuntu (Linux)
and the DOSBOX DOS emulator.

It is also assumed 'you' the user has the username bob as far as this
document is concerned.

In your home user area (/home/bob
create the following directory DOSPROGS
and PAKETZIP
so that you have
/home/bob/DOSPROGS
/home/bob/PAKETZIP

2)    Confirm the PaKet Zip filename and substitute in the following
ftp (file transfer PaKet62.zip from your favourite website and store in
in /home/bob/PAKETZIP

e.g. to move the file downloaded into /media
in terminal
sudo cp /media/paKet62.zip /home/bob/DOSPROGS/PAKETZIP/.
sudo chown bob:bob /home/bob/DOSPROGS/PAKETZIP/PaKet62.zip
sudo chmod 744 /home/bob/DOSPROGS/PAKETZIP/PaKet62.zip
cd /home/bob/DOSPROGS/PAKETZIP
ls -l (should list rwx r.. r..PaKet62.zip
unzip PaKet62.zip

3)    Next connect up your USR/SERIAL Connector to the PC USB port
and connect to your TS2000e data port or TNC

Now we need to learn about USB Com port and DOSBOX

4)    Type sudo ll /dev/ttyUSB* and note the device (ii Lower case LL)
corresponding to yout serial adaptor
in my case it was /dev/ttyUSB0 unless you have multiple such adaptor.

5)    Type sudo chmod 666 /dev/ttyUSB0 (assuming ttyUSB0 is your device.

6)   Edit the DOSBOX configuration file by typing
gedit /home/bob/.dosbox/dosbox*.conf  (note the period in /.dosbox)

7)    Find the [serial] portion of dosbox*conf in gedit, and modify the
seril1=dummy to be
serial1=directserial realport:ttyUSB0
then select SAVE

Note:
If you are using a legacy D9 D25 Com port
com1 is /dev/ttyS0   (serial1)
com2    /dev/ttyS1   (serial2)

8)    Now go and Start DOSBOX
select the DOSBOX ICON on the left side of the screen

DOSBOX will open up it's screen
type INTRO for the Introduction

type mount C /home/bob/DOSPROGS

9)    Type the following commands
C:
CD PAKETZIP
DIR /P to view the contents of the directory in page mode
INSTALL
Select F10
Select F10
Select F10
N
2
1 (full installation)
Press any key
C:\PAKETZIP\ Press ENTER
C:\PAKET\ Press ENTER
Select require TNC - For TS2000e Standard TAPR TNC etc Press ENETR
C:\PAKET\PAKET.EXE Make Directory Select Y
I can't find C:\PAKETZIP\PaKeT.PIF Press ANY KEY

We need to setup some Parameters to get started
Select and press ENTER to change Values
COM 1
BAUD RATE 9600 (rate of the serial port of the TS2000e or TNC
PARITY N
DATA BITS 8
STOP BITS 1
Press ESC

Press ANY KEY to continue
Enter your Callsign
ENTER
please Enter your Serial Number Press ENTER

10)    To Run Program
CD to PAKET directory
PAKET

You should get the cmd: prompt back from the TS2000e TNC or TNC

Note:
In DOSBOX to access PAKET62
Configuration you use the Right ALT key
e.g.
ALT/A toggle Alert
ALT/Z access configuration
ALT/X exit Packet and return to 'DOS'
ALT/Enter Select Full Screen - Toggle

11)    Hope the above is useful to you.
Another G4APL EUREKA Moment.

please advise corrections omissions
as all this was noted as G4APL worked out
how to get this working

12)    Modify DOXBOX to Mount C Drive
Following the above example you can get the system to Mount the C drive automatically
in terminal
Edit the DOSBOX configuration file by typing
gedit /home/bob/.dosbox/dosbox*.conf (note the period in /.dosbox)

Find the [autoexec] portion of dosbox*conf in gedit at the end of the file,
and and add
MOUNT C /home/bob/DOSPROGS
C:

then save the file.
When you restart DOSBOX
the DOS Emulation will me in the C:\ drive


How to Configure PaKet62 to run under Windows 8.1 DosBox
Paul G4APL was asked to assist in configuring PaKet62 16 Bit Dos Program running
Windows 8.1 laptop.


Basically the procedure is very similar to UBUNTU DosBox detailed above.
Follow the UBUNTU installation as a guide to the installation

1) Install the Windoes 8.1 DosBox Version.
Under your username directory create two directories
C:\Users\YourUserName\DOSPROGS
C:\Users\YourUserName\DOSPROGS\PAKETZIP
Connect up your USB/Serial Port Adaptor
Download Paket62.zip and place this file in PAKETZIP directory
UNzip the content in to this PAKETZIP directory

2) Determine the Real comport in use
Under Windows 8.1 go to Device Manager
Select Windows Key/Pause
--> Select Device Manager
Ports Com
in G4APL's case you will see something like
prolific USB to Serial Com Port (COM3)

Select the required USB/Serial adaptor/Right Click/Properties
Change the port settings to read 9600,8,N,1
Flow control None

Under the Advance Settings
Select a free COM port e.g. COM3

Select <OK> to close this window

3) Edit with notepad the DosBox Option configuration file
C:\Program File(x86)\DosBox\Options

Find the [serial] portion of dosbox*conf in notepad, and modify the
seril1=dummy to be
serial1=directserial realport:COM3
then select SAVE

4) Now go and Start DOSBOX
select the DOSBOX ICON on your Desktop

DOSBOX will open up it's screen
type INTRO for the Introduction

type mount C C:\Users\YouUsername\DOSPROGS

5) Type the following commands
C:
CD PAKETZIP
DIR /P to view the contents of the directory in page mode
INSTALL
Select F10
Select F10
Select F10
N
2
1 (full installation)
Press any key
C:\PAKETZIP\ Press ENTER
C:\PAKET\ Press ENTER
Select require TNC - For TS2000e Standard TAPR TNC etc Press ENETR
C:\PAKET\PAKET.EXE Make Directory Select Y
I can't find C:\PAKETZIP\PaKeT.PIF Press ANY KEY

We need to setup some Parameters to get started
Select and press ENTER to change Values
COM 1
BAUD RATE 9600 (rate of the serial port of the TS2000e or TNC
PARITY N
DATA BITS 8
STOP BITS 1
Press ESC

Press ANY KEY to continue
Enter your Callsign
ENTER
please Enter your Serial Number Press ENTER

6) To Run Program
CD to PAKET directory
PAKET

You should get the cmd: prompt back from the TS2000e TNC or TNC


7) Modify DOXBOX to Mount C Drive
Following the above example you can get the system to Mount the C drive automatically
in terminal
Edit the DOSBOX configuration option file as detailed above (3)

Find the [autoexec] portion of dosbox*conf in notepad at the end of the file,
and and add

MOUNT C /Users/YourUserName/DOSPROGS
C:
CD PAKET
then save the file.
When you restart DOSBOX
the DOS Emulation will be in the C:\PAKET Directory

Type PAKET to start the Paket program

Enjoy

Note:
DOSBOX also runs on top of MAC OSX, Vista and Windows 7

## updated 23 January 2014


Further reading
http://www.theskywaves.net/axtips.html
http://www.theskywaves.net/fbbuser.htm

If you have read down to here and have got your system set-up for Packet Radio and made your first connection.  Paul has put a copy of his PaKet Configuration files, autoexec.scp and a connect scipt via this link PaKet62 Configuration files.

Hope the above is of use and you experimenting with Amateur Packet Radio data mode using AX25 de Paul G4APL SysOP GB7CIP